乡镇动态
原阳小村庄“添灯”火爆郑州
来源: 原阳新闻 发布时间: 2019-10-22

    近段,原阳县福宁集镇陈杏兰村的“添灯”在郑州“建业·华谊兄弟电影小镇”大火了一把。

建业·华谊兄弟电影小镇是中原地区第一家电影小镇, 小镇以电影场景为形、以历史文化和城市记忆为魂,集电影场景游览、电影文化展示、电影互动游乐、民俗和非遗体验、大型系列演艺、喷空演出、特色餐饮、主题客栈等于一体。

福宁集镇陈杏兰村的传统民俗刻“灯盏”受邀在电影小镇里展示数天。 “添灯节”根据原阳县志记载可追溯到清朝乾隆十二年。距今已流传了近三百年,今年被评为新乡市非物质文化遗产。

 陈杏兰村村民在传统单一的萝卜刻灯盏的基础上,创造出数十种灯盏的造型。2015年,中国新闻网记者杨正华到陈杏兰村拍摄添灯节图片,并在《中国新闻网》上发表后被《人民网》、《中国青年报》,《中国经济网》《央广网》、《文明新乡官微》等数十家网站转载,陈杏兰村村民在传统萝卜灯盏的基础上创造出的精美“灯盏”在社会上引起强烈反响。

本次“添灯”非物质文化遗产传承人陈红杰和同村的陈改丽、成长记、冯银丽受邀到建业·华谊兄弟电影小镇展示雕刻“灯盏”技艺,受到各级领导和全国企业家们以及游客们的高度赞扬,不停有游客边拍照边赞扬说:“太有创意了,太有创意了……”

陈杏兰村不但很好的继承、保护、创新雕刻“灯盏”技艺,还很好的保留了“添灯”的仪式。
中国有句俗话:“过完正月十五元宵节年就算过完年。”但在陈杏兰一带比其它地方多出三天,过完正月十九“添灯节”才算过完年陈杏兰村的“添灯节”似乎是孩子们的节日,说它是孩子的节日包括他的外在也包括他内在的寓意正月十九“添灯节”这天有两个重要仪式:一个是“撂鬼火”一个是“添灯”。两个仪式都是在晚上进行:
 第一个仪式——“撂鬼火”
陈杏兰村流传着这样的故事:每到春节,家家户户烧香磕头放鞭炮,请各路神仙来家里吃贡品
可一些小鬼儿小判儿就趁机随着神仙混到家中,藏在隐秘处,等过了春节,神仙上天了小鬼儿小判儿们好出来祸害百姓。 
终于有一天人们发现了小鬼儿小判儿们的恶行。就想出了“正月十五、十六烧香送神仙,正月十九“撂鬼火”送妖怪”的仪式。

程序如下:正月十九晚上村民们烧香、上贡、放鞭炮,吃正月里最后一顿饺子。孩子们把提前搜集了一年的笤帚疙瘩集体抱到村头的麦田里,把用秃了的笤帚疙瘩点着,往空中撂。

因为农村用的笤帚是秫秸做的,秫秸做的笤帚用的秃成疙瘩后是很坚硬的,虽然点上火但不会起火苗,只能出现无数渺小闪烁的火星,孩子们点着笤帚疙瘩,一边嗷嗷呼叫,一边把闪烁着火星的笤帚疙瘩往空中猛抛,鬼火此起彼伏,形成无数火星在空中飞腾。很有现在焰火在空中爆炸的画面感觉。
 据《中国实业志》记载:“焰火始于唐,盛于宋“要按此推算,“撂鬼火”至少有一千多年历史。
第二个仪式——“添灯”
孩子们用呐喊和 “撂鬼火”吓走了小鬼儿小判儿,紧接着回到村里就开始“添灯”。孩子们回到家后找个超大号萝卜拦腰切成两半儿,把其中一半掏空,在靠近底部的地方叉上一根筷子,倒少许油,弄个棉花捻子点着,当地管这萝卜制作的灯叫“灯盏”。
孩子们点上“灯盏”后开始到全村当年娶新媳妇儿的家里去“添灯”。由于重男轻女思想作怪,“添灯” 只是男孩子的节日,女孩子添灯不吉利。
 孩子们端着萝卜灯盏到了新媳妇儿家后,先端灯盏在家里照一遍,边照边大声说顺口溜:“照照柜,新郎新娘一头睡。照照桌,孩子生上一大窝。照照门,孩子生上一大群。照照床,明年小孩儿会叫娘。……”

孩子们把家里照一遍后,新媳妇儿的婆婆或者公公马上把自家吃的食油往“灯盏”里添。孩子们的灯盏队无论到哪个新媳妇儿家都很受欢迎,主人都会热情的往灯盏里添油

添灯的灯盏不分散,所有孩子们端着各自的灯盏排着长长的队,走在黑暗的街道上,火苗飘飘,犹如火龙,很是壮观的。
社会发展了,陈杏兰村的村民制作灯盏不仅限于萝卜了,各种水果齐上阵 

         正月十九陈杏兰村的“添灯节”也是村民们的狂欢节, 陈杏兰村的村民们可谓心灵手巧,普通的一个蔬菜水果也能玩成艺术品.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
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